PASSIVE VOICE

Ada dua bentuk “voice” dalam bahasa Inggris, active voice dan passive voice. Active voice menunjukkan apa yang dilakukan oleh subjek, contoh:

  • The secretary wrote a letter (Sekretaris menulis sebuah surat)

Passive voice menunjukkan apa yang dilakukan terhadap subjek. Contoh:

  • The letter was written by the secretary (Surat ditulis oleh sekreatir)

Bentuk

Kalimat pasif dibuat dengan kata kerja “to be” dan kata kerja bentuk ke-3. Berikut beberapa tenses bahasa Inggris utama yang digunakan dalam passive voice.

Tenses

Simple present:

Present continuous:

Simple past:

Past continuous:

Present perfect:

Past perfect:

Future:

Future continuous:

Present conditional:

Past conditional:

Subject

Flowers

Flowers

Flowers

Flowers

Flowers

Flowers

Flowers

Flowers

Flowers

Flowers

Verb “to be”

are

are being

were

were being

have been

had been

will be

will be being

would be

would have been

Verb III

planted every year

planted now.

planted last year

planted last summer.

planted here for 10 years.

planted until last year.

planted next year.

planted during the summer.

planted if we had seeds.

planted if we had had seeds.

By

Untuk menyatakan apa penyebab sebuah tindakan pasif, kita bisa menggunakan by. Contoh:

  • This photo was taken by my friend.
  • I was given this by my brother.

Seringkali tidak diperlukan untuk menyatakan penyebab tindakan pasif, khususnya jika dipahami dengan jelas atau tidak relevan. Sebagai contoh:

  • The meeting was cancelled (pertemuan itu dibatalkan). (Informasi penting yang ingin disampaikan adalah pembatalan pertemuan, bukan siapa yang membatalkannya.)
  • These boots were made in Italy (sepatu-sepatu boot ini dibuat di Italia). (Informasi yang penting dalam kalimat ini adalah bahwa sepatu-sepatu tersebut dibuat di Italia, bukan siapa yang membuatnya).

Born

Ketika berbicara tentang kelahiran orang tertentu atau suatu peristiwa, kita menggunakan bentuk pasif “to be born”. Contoh:

  • I was born in Iran.
  • The twins were born just last year.

Get

Get bisa digunakan menggantikan to be pada situasi dimana sesuatu terjadi. Contoh:

– Our flight got cancelled = Our flight was cancelled.
– I got paid today = I was paid today.

Get tidak bisa digunakan pada situasi-situasi umum dan apabila bersama dengan kata kerja yang menyatakan keadaan (bukan tindakan). Contoh:

– He is liked by a lot of people. – Benar
– He gets liked by a lot of people. – Tidak benar
– She is known to be a hard-working employee. – Benar
– She gets known to be a hard-working employee.- Tidak benar

Get digunakan lebih sering dalam bahasa Inggris informal

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s