Gerunds

Gerund adalah kata benda yang berasal dari kata kerja ditambah –ing, misalnya swimming, eating, fishing, shopping, dancing, dan singing. Bila diperhatikan, gerund mempunyai bentuk yang sama dengan present participle, bedanya gerund berfungsi sebagai kata benda, sedangkan present participle sebagai kata sifat yang menerangkan kata benda.

Dalam kalimat, gerund berfungsi sebagai:
a. subjek (subject)
b. pelengkap subjek (subjective complement)
c. objek langsung (direct object)
d. objek preposisi (object of preposition)
e. aposisi (appositive)

Subject
Gerund sebagai subjek pokok kalimat, contoh:
– Swimming is good service.
– Your singing is very beautiful.
– Studying needs time and patience.
– Playing tennis is fun.
– Reading English is easier than speaking it.

Subjective Complement
Gerund sebagai pelengkap subjek dalam kalimat biasanya selalu didahului to be yang terletak di antara subject dan subjective complement, contoh:
– My favorite sport is running.
– My favorite activity is reading.

Direct Object
Gerund sebagai objek langsung dalam kalimat, contoh:
– I enjoy dancing.
– She likes dancing.
– Thank you for your coming.
– I hate arguing.

Object of Preposition
Gerund sebagai objek preposisi yang terletak setelah preposisi. Preposisi yang sering dipakai adalah of, on, no, with, without, at for, after, before, because of, to, like, about, for, by, in.
Contoh:
– He is tired of gambling.
– I am fond of eating bakso.
– He insisted on seeing her.
– I have no objection to hearing your story.
– You will not be clever without studying.
– They are good at telling funny stories.
– In sleeping I met you in the park.

Appositive
Gerund sebagai aposisi atau penegas dalam kalimat, contoh:
– My hobby, fishing, is interesting.
– I do not like quarrelling, a useless job.
My hobby is fishing dan fishing is interesting diletakkan bersebelahan dalam sebuah kalimat sebagai appositive (fishing adalah aposisi dari my hobby), begitu juga contoh kalimat dibawahnya.

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